End of Year 2023 – Abortion

Battles Over Abortion Rights and Restrictions Move to the States

Following the 2022 Supreme Court ruling overturning Roe v. Wade, legislative efforts and legal battles continued across the country. Elected officials in some states moved to ban or restrict abortion while other states acted to protect abortion access.

In February, PRRI released a major survey tracking abortion attitudes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia, featuring more than 22,000 respondents from our 2022 American Values Atlas. Described by Chuck Todd on NBC’s Meet the Press as the most “comprehensive survey we have seen on abortion to date” following the Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization decision, the survey found:

  • Just under two-thirds of Americans (64%) said abortion should be legal in most or all cases in 2022, up from 55% in 2010.
  • Majorities of most religious groups say that abortion should be legal in most or all cases. White evangelical Protestants (27%), Jehovah’s Witnesses (27%) Latter-day Saints (32%), and Hispanic Protestants (44%) are the only major religious groups in which less than half of adherents say that abortion should be legal in most or all cases.
  • The share of Democrats who said that they will only vote for a candidate who shares their views on abortion in 2022 (34%) more than doubled from 2020 (17%).
For The New York Times, Kate Zernike spoke to PRRI CEO Melissa Deckman about the impact of Dobbs and the evolution in public opinion on this issue on the one year anniversary of the Supreme Court decision. Deckman pointed to a notable sea change: the increasing number of Democrats and decreasing number of Republicans who say abortion is a litmus test for supporting a political candidate.

As Republican candidates sought to distinguish themselves on the campaign trail, POLITICO Playbook reported on Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis’ six-week abortion ban and used PRRI data to analyze how Republican presidential candidates’ positions compare with public opinions on abortion legality.

Finally, this fall in Ohio, voters enshrined a right to abortion in the state constitution. Ahead of election day, Forbes’ Alison Durkee noted that, according to PRRI polling, 66% of Ohio residents say abortion should be legal in all or most cases and Grace Panetta of The 19th cited PRRI data that only 6% of Ohioans support abortion being banned in all or most cases.

Reproductive Rights Across the Headlines in 2023:


How Ohio’s Ballot Vote Could Preview the 2024 Politics of Abortion

Washington Post:

GOP 2024 Hopefuls Court Evangelicals as They Struggle on Abortion

The 19th:

The Future of Abortion in Florida Could Hinge on Hispanic Voters


Even Religious Americans Favor Abortion Rights Post-Dobbs

New York Times:

Why Democracy Hasn’t Settled the Abortion Question

The Hill:

Wisconsin Race Cements Abortion as Galvanizing Issue for Democrats